October 23, 2019

Department of Architecture Co. Takes a Fresh Look at Shingles For a Northern Thailand Inn

What makes a shingle a shingle? That was the question Amata Luphaiboon and Twitee Vajrabhaya Teparkum, Department of Architecture Co. principals, asked themselves for Little Shelter, an inn in Chiang Mai, Thailand, that the firm designed and which Luphaiboon co-owns. Wanting to be sensitive to the region’s centuries-old architecture, they decided to take a fresh look at the venerable building material. 

Despite meaning new city, Chiang Mai’s history dates to 1296. Now the largest city in Northern Thailand, with a metropolitan population of nearly 2 million, it was founded on the Ping River in the 13th century as the capital of the Lanna Kingdom. What is new is a tourism boom and the accompanying construction, due in part to its short-listing for UNESCO World Heritage status in 2015.

Positioned for a gradient effect, shingles of repurpsed teng wood and translucent polycarbonate cascade down the facade of Little Shelter, an inn in Chiang Mai, Thailand, designed by Department of Architecture Co. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

A new hotel would help cater to Chiang Mai’s 10 million visitors a year. Luphaiboon realized the opportunity could make for a savvy personal investment as well as an engaging design project. After scouting approximately 40 locations, the co-owners came upon an idyllic spot on a tree-lined stretch of the Ping. The plot was not even an acre, but the Old Town, location of the city’s famed night market and some 300 Buddhist temples, was minutes away.

A polycarbonate canopy provides shade over the entrance. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

The catch? “While the city doesn’t specifically require the same language, officials strongly prefer that any new architecture this close to the Old Town blend in,” Luphaiboon explains. With their distinctive wood-shingled sloped roofs, some of the historic structures date to the city’s founding. And some are made entirely of a rare hardwood, now either very difficult to find or prohibitively expensive. “Plus, we don’t do traditional,” Teparkum adds.

Bamboo parasol frames are ceiling-mounted and backlit by LED spotlights in the restaurant. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

So the architects settled on toasting the past while remaining unabashedly contemporary. Rising four stories, Little Shelter encompasses 8,900 square feet, with 14 guest rooms, a café, and a restaurant. An expansive terrace features a swimming pool and riverfront views. The nod to the past materializes on the peaked roof, which is topped with 4-by-14-inch shingles made of scrap teng, a Thai hardwood DAC repurposed from local timber factories. “We were able to incorporate wood—as well as tradition—at virtually no cost,” Teparkum observes.

Shingles of more transparent polycarbonate are used for the inn’s elevation facing the Ping River. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

The contemporary twist is visible on the front facade. Here are more shingles, but in a different yet equally cost-effective material. Starting from the roofline, teng shingles morph into semitransparent polycarbonate ones, the latter creating a dramatic gradient effect as well as catching and playing with natural light. “When the sun’s out or the sky changes color, it influences the whole atmosphere inside,” Luphaiboon says.

Bamboo parasol frames hanging in the lobby are painted white as they approach the ground. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

Given that only one side of the site came with a view, he and his owner partners purchased the inexpensive polycarbonate in large-scale sheets in varied opacities. They’re mixed together on the front elevation, but it’s only the clearer polycarbonate shingles for the riverfront side. Specially sourced studs and screws in the same material maintain continuity. “The wonderfully translucent result is still water-tight,” Luphaiboon notes.

Shingles re-appear as tile in guest rooms, where clothing can be hung from custom powder-coated steel bars lit by LEDs. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

If the exterior motif is shingles, the interior’s is parasols. Guests pass through a canopied entry into the bright, 40-foot-high lobby and café hung with dozens of upside-down bamboo parasol frames, some kept natural, others painted white. “Chiang Mai is known for its beautiful parasols,” Teparkum says, “but, to make them modern, we removed the paper shades.” The adjustment makes the accessory almost sculptural—and shines a new light on local craftsmanship. The frames also decorate the ceiling of the adjoining, moodier restaurant, where furnishings boast simple, rounded silhouettes of white powder-coated steel and local teak.

All 14 rooms have enclosed balconies overlooking the riverfront terrace and pool. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

Upstairs, in one of the twin guest rooms, bright yellow parasols with shades make an appearance. But this time they’re in the form of a photograph printed on vinyl and applied to the ceiling. It’s a device Luphaiboon and Teparkum used in all the rooms, which, except for the 540-square-foot suite, range from a tidy 250 to 270 square feet. 

A parasol pattern is printed on custom vinyl for the ceiling, its dominate color spray-painted on PVC tile. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

Space was saved by forgoing closets. Instead, guests can hang their clothes from a slim, white hang-bar system. A similar bar runs behind the bed, headboardlike, and hosts petite clip-on reading lamps. Some bars also conceal LED strips. “There are no ceiling fixtures at all,” Teparkum notes, so as not to interrupt the ceiling imagery. (During the day, ample light comes into the rooms from generous windows cut out of the polycarbonate facade.) Of course, there’s shinglelike tile in the rooms and bathrooms, too. To give the illusion of more  space, a scattering of reflective acrylic tile is mixed in with spray-painted PVC versions. 

The café features custom powder-coated steel furniture. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

Aside from the twin room, parasols don’t show up again. Instead, images are of more natural scenes: fluffy white clouds intersected by birds in flight, glowing lanterns floating in a night sky during the Loi Krathong lantern festival, mist surrounding boughs in a pine forest. The architects took most of the photos themselves, lying flat on the ground—a top-down strategy that seems to work well for them. 

This ceiling’s vinyl was printed with an intentionally blurry photograph of a local pine forest. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.
Bathroom floor tile is ceramic. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.
Balcony windows are 5 feet square. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.
In the suite, the seating area’s custom 13-foot-long sofa converts into two single beds. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.
The facade shingles are arranged within a steel armature. Photography by Wison Tungthunya/W Workspace Company.

Project Team: 
Adhithep Leewananthawet; Pitchaya Poonsin; Tanadeth Mahapolsirikun; Supavit Junsompitsiri; Yada Pianpanit; Apisara Lertrattanakit: Department of Architecture Co. Accent Studio by Nopporn Sakulwigitsinthu: Lighting Consultant. Next Engineering Design Co.: Structural Engineer, MEP, Civil Engineer. K Patara Lumber: Woodwork. Chatgen Construction and Design Co.: General Contractor.

Product Sources: Danpalon through Vispac: Polycarbonate (Exterior). CCSE: Custom Recessed Fixtures (Restaurant). JPS Products: Custom Wall Covering (Guest Rooms). Greenlam: Acrylic Tile. Virgo Interiors: Painted Tile. Saharoj Textile: Bedding. Smile Design: Curtain Fabric. Chatgen Construction & Design: Custom Lamps, Windows, Doors. Cotto: Sink, Toilet (Bathroom). DuPont: Vanity Material. Thai Ceramic Tile: Floor Tile. Throughout: Archi Construction & Architect: Custom Parasol Installations. Newmuangthong Furnitech: Custom Furniture. Earth Colors: Concrete Flooring. TOA: Paint.

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